Infected & Impacted Wisdom Tooth
Infected & Impacted Wisdom Tooth
Troubled by an infected/ impacted wisdom tooth? Don’t worry, at Ponsonby dental boutique, we have expert doctors specialized in wisdom tooth management.
What is a wisdom tooth?
Third molars are referred to as wisdom teeth. They are the ones to erupt last of all teeth, usually in adulthood; thus, the name wisdom teeth.
We all have molars that help us in chewing. Mainly, the first molars and second molars. We have four first molars and four second molars. However, third molars are not well erupted these days.
If the third molars erupt well, they help in chewing. But, according to statistics, up to 68% of third molars are impacted.
Impacted molars are the molars that
Do not erupt well
Due to less space in the jaw, third molars may partially erupt.
Do not place well
Erupt at an angle towards the second molar or towards the back of the mouth.
Do not develop well
Have an abnormal shape.
Impacted third molars cause the following issues
- They put pressure on the adjacent teeth and structures causing pain.
- They are easily prone to infection.
- They make oral hygiene difficult giving rise to decays.
- Cysts: The third molar can develop in a sac, forming a cyst. The cyst can damage the jawbone and teeth, and form a benign lump, that needs surgery.
- Impacted molars are not completely erupted and have the gum lining covering a portion of the tooth. Food can trap there easily and cause an infection called pericoronitis.
Symptoms of infected wisdom tooth/ pericoronitis
- Painful/ red/ swollen/ bleeding gum surrounding the impacted tooth
- Spasm in the jaw muscles/ difficulty opening the mouth
- Swelling around the jaw
- Jaw pain
- Foul smell
- Swollen lymph nodes
If you have any of the above symptoms, contact us at Ponsonby dental boutique. Untreated pericoronitis can lead to life-threatening conditions states a review published in the International Journal of Dental and Medical Research.
Diagnosis of impacted wisdom tooth
Clinical examination: When we examine your mouth and teeth, we assess the condition of your teeth and diagnose the impacted molars.
X-rays help to know the condition of roots and give the entire picture of impacted molars.
Preventing the complications of impacted teeth
Regular dental check-up keeps you updated on the status of your third molars. If the molars are erupting or if the molars are expected to erupt, we can track it with X-rays.
Prevention of complications is always better than cure.
If there is any need to extract the third molar, at Ponsonby dental boutique, we have expert specialists who can deal with it smoothly.
When do we need to extract the third molar?
- When it is troubling the adjacent teeth
- When it is causing infection or pericoronitis
- When there is a decay
- When there is a cyst/ tumour
Treatment procedure – impacted and infected wisdom teeth
At Ponsonby dental boutique, we have expert doctors who are qualified to deal with any kind of impactions, including the most complex ones.
We begin with taking your detailed medical history. Please mention if you have any diseases including diseases in the family, if you are on any medicines, or if you have any allergies.
- Usually, local anaesthesia is enough for the procedure.
- We remove the overlying skin and bone if any, to extract the impacted wisdom tooth.
- Post extraction, we suture, if needed.
- We have you seated for 30 minutes, for observation. Our experts ensure you don’t face any complications. We are also well equipped to handle complications if any…
- We prescribe you analgesics/ pain relievers and antibiotics.
- We give you post-operative instructions such as:
- Apply ice packs. It reduces swelling and pain.
- Have liquid food such as fresh juice or puree after an hour of procedure. Take the analgesic after that.
- Take other medicines as prescribed.
- Do not have anything hot/ spicy/ hard for three days.
- Avoid spitting and gargling for three days. Do not smoke, it delays healing and can cause complications.
- After two days, gargle with warm, saltwater as many times as possible.
- Call us if you have any concerns, or if you experience any discomfort.
- Massage the area for a few minutes a day, so it aids in a bone deposition.
- See us for suture removal after 5 days.
A thorough oral hygiene and regular dental check-up can prevent complications of wisdom teeth. Do not miss your follow up visits.
Never delay dental care. Things get worse if you postpone. You may bring a family member along on the day of your impaction though the procedure is smooth and is usually as expected.
Meet us at Ponsonby dental boutique for more details today…